The wine author and broker Karl Heinrich Koch wrote in his book on Mosel wine, published in 1897, that the wines from Ayl are among the best on the Saar. He was referring to the south- to southwest-facing hillside of Ayler Kupp. The name Kupp comes from Bergkuppe, or brow of a hill.
The original Ayler Kupp slope, which is situated in a side valley, looks like a whale when viewed from afar. The soil is primarily gray slate, but there is also blue and red slate. With the 1971 Wine Law, the name Ayler Kupp was expanded to 68 ha on vastly different hillsides in and around the village of Ayl.
In the high Middle Ages, the main vineyard of Ayl was the Kupp and was designated as “Kûppa” for the first time. “Wilhelmus dictus de Kûppa" indicates that the Ayler Kupp was then owned by the Trier citizen Wilhelmus. And a church chronicle states that the 1289 vintage was a good year in Ayl. The Riesling wines of Ayler Kupp are characterized by a firm acidity and dense nature. Especially in cooler vintages, some of the best sweet wines of the Saar come from this site.
Back to the Future
In a well-known German wine journal from 1878, the wines from Ayler Kupp fetched high prices and were some of the most sought-after Saar wines. In Trier, the wines from Ayl also auctioned at high prices at the turn of the century. In 1900 and 1901, Ayler was one of the most expensive wines from the region. At the Trier wine auction of 1906, a Fuder cask of 1904 Ayler Kupp achieved the price of 15,030 Goldmarks, which was the highest price ever for a Saar wine.
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